Phenol and Acid Peels scarborough

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The Ultimate Guide to Chemical Peels: Transform Your Skin with Phenol and Acid Peels

Chemical peels are a powerful skin treatment used to improve the appearance of the skin on the face, neck, or hands. By applying a chemical solution, the outer layers of the skin peel away, revealing the smoother, younger-looking skin underneath. Let’s dive further into everything you need to know about chemical peels, focusing on phenol and acid peels.

What Are Chemical Peels?

Chemical peels are cosmetic treatments that involve applying a chemical solution to the skin, causing it to exfoliate and eventually peel off. The new skin is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin. Chemical peels can be used to treat various skin conditions, including:

  • Acne scars
  • Age spots
  • Fine lines and wrinkles
  • Freckles
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Melasma
  • Sun damage


Chemical peels are categorized into three types based on their depth of penetration:

  1. Superficial Peels: These peels use mild acids like alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) to gently exfoliate the outer layer of the skin. They are suitable for all skin types and require minimal downtime.
  2. Medium Peels: These peels use stronger acids like glycolic or trichloroacetic acid (TCA) to penetrate the middle layers of the skin, removing damaged skin cells. They are effective for treating wrinkles, acne scars, and uneven skin tone.
  3. Deep Peels: These peels use phenol or TCA to deeply penetrate the skin, removing more severe skin damage. Deep peels provide dramatic results but require longer recovery times.
Phenol Peels

Phenol peels are the strongest type of chemical peel and are used to treat deep wrinkles, severe sun damage, and precancerous growths. The phenol solution penetrates deeply into the skin, providing significant and long-lasting results. However, due to their intensity, phenol peels require a longer recovery period and are not suitable for all skin types.


A Phenol Peel is normally performed by a Dermatologist.  The peel is very strong and will require medical supervision.  We do not perform Phenol Peels at Radiance Toronto. 

Acid Peels

Acid peels, such as glycolic acid and TCA peels, are widely used for their ability to exfoliate and rejuvenate the skin. Glycolic acid, derived from sugar cane, is an alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) that helps to remove dead skin cells, improve skin texture, and reduce the appearance of fine lines and hyperpigmentation. TCA peels, on the other hand, are medium-depth peels that target more significant skin concerns like deeper wrinkles and acne scars.

Benefits of Chemical Peels
  • Improved Skin Texture: Chemical peels help to smooth out rough skin, giving it a softer and more even texture.
  • Reduced Fine Lines and Wrinkles: By stimulating collagen production, chemical peels can reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
  • Brighter Skin Tone: Chemical peels can address hyperpigmentation, age spots, and sun damage, resulting in a brighter, more even skin tone.
  • Clearer Skin: Chemical peels can help to unclog pores, reduce acne breakouts, and diminish acne scars.
  • Enhanced Absorption: Following a chemical peel, your skin is better able to absorb skincare products, making them more effective.
What to Expect During a Chemical Peel

The process of a chemical peel typically involves the following steps:

  1. Consultation: Before undergoing a chemical peel, you will have a consultation with a skincare professional to determine the best type of peel for your skin type and concerns.
  2. Preparation: Your skin will be cleansed, and protective measures may be applied to sensitive areas, such as your eyes and lips.
  3. Application: The chemical solution will be applied to your skin, and you may feel a tingling or burning sensation. The duration of the application depends on the type of peel being used.
  4. Neutralization: For certain peels, the chemical solution will be neutralized to stop the peeling process.
  5. Aftercare: Your skincare professional will provide you with aftercare instructions to ensure proper healing and maximize results.
Aftercare Tips

Proper aftercare is crucial for achieving the best results from your chemical peel. Here are some tips to follow:

  • Avoid Sun Exposure: Your skin will be more sensitive after a chemical peel, so it’s important to protect it from the sun. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.
  • Moisturize: Keep your skin hydrated by using a gentle, fragrance-free moisturizer.
  • Avoid Picking: Resist the urge to pick or peel at the skin, as this can cause scarring.
  • Follow Instructions: Adhere to the aftercare instructions provided by your skincare professional to ensure proper healing.
Is a Chemical Peel Right for You?

Chemical peels can provide significant improvements in the appearance of your skin, but they are not suitable for everyone. Factors such as your skin type, skin concerns, and overall health will determine whether a chemical peel is right for you. It’s essential to consult with a skincare professional to discuss your options and find the best treatment plan for your needs.


Get a FREE Consultation Before You Decide:

We invite you to call Radiance Medspa @ 416-628-0777 to schedule a free consultation if you are considering getting a Chemical Peel.  One of our experienced Estheticians will meet with you to discuss your specific skin care needs and goals.  You may discover a Peel is not recommended – or maybe the type of Peel you want  may not be best suited for you.  


  • Alpha-Hydroxy Acids (AHAs): A group of natural acids found in foods. AHAs, like glycolic acid, are used in skincare to exfoliate the skin.
  • Chemical Peel: A cosmetic treatment where a chemical solution is applied to the skin, causing it to exfoliate and peel off.
  • Collagen: A protein in the skin that provides structure and elasticity. Stimulating collagen production can reduce wrinkles and improve skin texture.
  • Glycolic Acid: An alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) derived from sugar cane. It exfoliates the skin, improving texture and tone.
  • Hyperpigmentation: Darker patches of skin caused by excess melanin production. Chemical peels can help lighten these areas.
  • Melasma: A skin condition that causes brown or gray patches on the skin, often due to hormonal changes.
  • Phenol: A strong chemical used in deep peels to treat severe skin damage and deep wrinkles.
  • Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA): A chemical used in medium and deep chemical peels to remove dead skin cells and improve skin texture.

Yes or No?

Chemical peels are a versatile and effective treatment for improving the appearance of your skin. Whether you’re looking to reduce fine lines and wrinkles, clear up acne scars, or achieve a brighter complexion, there is a chemical peel that can help you reach your skincare goals. To learn more about our chemical peel treatments and find the right one for you, contact us at Radiance Medspa and Beauty Bar today.

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